MEISEL, MOSES BEN MORDECAI


MEISEL, MOSES BEN MORDECAI
MEISEL, MOSES BEN MORDECAI (c. 1758–c. 1838), Torah scholar and maskil; born in Vilna. In his youth Meisel was one of the disciples closest to the Vilna Gaon elijah b. solomon zalman . He was familiar with German literature and became deeply interested in the writings of moses mendelssohn . However, he was also in secret contact with R. shneur zalman of lyady , the founder of the chabad movement, and when this became known, he fled to Germany, fearing persecution by the Vilna religious establishment. During the Napoleonic Wars he conferred with the representatives of the French government on several occasions. After acceding to R. Shneur Zalman's request to stop these talks with people close to Napoleon, he was suspected of collaborating with the Russian army and was compelled to flee. He went to Ereẓ Israel but returned to Lithuania after the French defeat. During the early 1820s he went once more to Ereẓ Israel and in his last years was closely associated with sir moses montefiore . He wrote Shirat Moshe (Shklov, 1788), on the 613 precepts. Meisel died in Hebron. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: S. Fuenn, Kiryah Ne'emanah (1860), 246–7; M. Teitelbaum, Ha-Rav mi-Ladi (1910–13), 31, 156–8. (Arthur Cygielman)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • VILNA — (Pol. Wilno, Lithuanian Vilnius), from 1323 capital of the grand duchy of lithuania ; from 1940 to 1991 capital of the Lithuanian S.S.R.; from 1991 capital of Lithuania; called by East European Jewry, especially in the modern period, the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • POLITICS — Introduction Jewish involvement in national politics in the various countries in which they settled dates from the period of Jewish emancipation at the end of the 18th and the first half of the 19th century. In fact, personalities such as joseph… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • SYNAGOGUE — This article is arranged according to the following outline. origins and history until the first century first century c.e. middle ages modern period …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Court Jew — Part of a series of articles on Jews and Judaism …   Wikipedia

  • PRAGER, RICHARD — (1883–1945), German astronomer. Prager was born in Hanover. In 1908 he joined the Berlin Academy of Sciences; and in 1909 was appointed head of a department in the National Observatory in Santiago, Chile. From 1913 onward he worked as scientific… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • HASKALAH — (Heb. הַשְׂכָּלָה), Hebrew term for the Enlightenment movement and ideology which began within Jewish society in the 1770s. An adherent of Haskalah became known as a maskil (pl. maskilim). The movement continued to be influential and spread, with …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • PRINTING, HEBREW — pre modern period The first mention of Jews in connection with printing is found in Avignon c. 1444 (before Gutenberg) when a Jew, Davin de Caderousse, studied the new craft. The first Hebrew books were printed at least within 35 years after the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • LODZ — (Yid. Lodskh; Ger. Litzmanstadt), city in central Poland, center of the textile industry. In 1793 there were 11 Jews in Lodz; by 1809 (when the city was under Prussian rule) the number had risen to 98. A community was organized at that time and a …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • BOHEMIA — (Cz. Čecny, Česko, Tschechien; Ger. Boehmen; Heb. פעהם, פיהם, כנען, בהם), independent kingdom in Central Europe, until the beginning of the 14th century, affiliated later in the Middle Ages with the Holy Roman Empire. In 1526 it became part of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Liste der Companions des Order of Canada — Die Auszeichnung Companion of the Order of Canada ist die höchste Stufe des Order of Canada, Kanadas höchster Auszeichnung für Zivilpersonen. Seine Träger (Companions) haben größte Verdienste um Kanada und die Menschheit auf nationaler oder… …   Deutsch Wikipedia